terça-feira, 31 de maio de 2016

Commuting em Nova York

From Suburb to City and Back Again: A Brief History of the NYC Commuter
New York Public Library 10-05-2016, por Megan Margino
(..) Many of New York’s first commuters were summer suburbanites seeking “rural retreats away from the wearying din and unwholesome excitement of city life” (Huguenote Park). Whether searching for a summer country home or a permanent suburban residence, prospective home seekers had many relocation options to speculate.
By 1900, New York City was surrounded by more suburbs than anywhere in the world (Encyclopedia of NYC). Railroad companies and real estate developers encouraged increasing numbers of New Yorkers to move away from the city, boasting less noise and congestion, lower costs, quick and comfortable train rides, more light, fresh air, and healthfulness, and even more births than deaths.
The daily evening rush of suburbanites
and travelers for the Cortlandt Street Ferry,
 Pennsylvania Railroad, 1899. Image ID: 809471
Clique na imagem para ampliar
Promoting the possibilities of an idealistic country lifestyle, many suburb guides and advertisements offered would-be commuters practical information for relocating such as details on new real estate developments, communities along train lines, and descriptions of towns and their amenities. Some of these early twentieth century train schedules quite interestingly reveal suburb-to-city travel times that are shorter or very similar to today. Perhaps there is not much hope for commuting times to improve over the next hundred years. (Continua)

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sábado, 28 de maio de 2016

Expulsão branca

Deu no NY Times
27-05-2016, por Michael Henry Adams
The End of Black Harlem
Still Harlem endures as a community with high hopes, and in 2013, we felt sure we had found a champion. Bill de Blasio ran as the mayor for everyone, which we figured had to include Harlem. Black voters were crucial to his victory, and we thought we were covered and cared for. He even has a likable son, as liable to get stopped by the police as ours might.
Harlem, N York
We were wrong. The man we saw as “our mayor” may talk about housing affordability, but his vision is far from the rent control and public housing that President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Mayor Fiorello H. LaGuardia once supported, and that made New York affordable for generations. Instead, he has pushed for private development and identified unprotected, landmark-quality buildings as targets. He and the City Council have effectively swept aside contextual zoning limits, which curb development that might change the very essence of a neighborhood, in Harlem and Inwood, farther north. At best, his plan seems to be to develop at all speed and costs, optimistic that the tax revenues and good graces of the real estate barons allow for a few affordable apartments to be stuffed in later.


terça-feira, 17 de maio de 2016

Capitalismo de rendas: um novo ciclo?

Deu no The Guardian
Em 16-05-2016, por Agence France-Presse

Chinese pour $110bn into US real estate, says study
O hotel Waldorf Astoria, em Nova York, foi comprado pelo grupo chinês Anbang
Foto: Mark Lennihan/AP/The Guardian
Chinese nationals have become the largest foreign buyers of US property after pouring billions into the market in search of safe offshore assets, according to a study.

A huge surge in Chinese buying of both residential and commercial real estate last year took their five-year investment total to more than $110bn, according to the study from the Asia Society and Rosen Consulting Group.

The sheer size of that total has helped the real estate market recover from the crash that began in 2006 and precipitated the 2008 economic crisis, they said.
Chinese investment in property has also helped to inflate prices in other developed countries, notably the UK and Australia in the wake of the dip in world stock markets in 2015. (Continua)


quinta-feira, 5 de maio de 2016

Sassen on Jacobs

Deu no The Guardian / cities
04-05-2016, por Saskia Sassen

How Jane Jacobs changed the way we look at cities
(..) So perhaps now, on the 100th anniversary of her birth, we should all be asking: what is it that Jane Jacobs made us want to see in the city?
Jane Jacobs
Thinking about this question leads me to focus on the conditions that make a metropolis – the enormous diversity of workers, their living and work spaces, the multiple sub-economies involved. Many of these are now seen as irrelevant to the global city, or belonging to another era. But a close look, as encouraged by Jacobs, shows us this is wrong. 
She would ask us to look at the consequences of these sub-economies for the city – for its people, its neighbourhoods, and the visual orders involved. She would ask us to consider all the other economies and spaces impacted by the massive gentrifications of the modern city – not least, the resultant displacements of modest households and profit-making, neighbourhood firms. (Continua)

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terça-feira, 3 de maio de 2016

Se meu container falasse...

Deu no O Sul
01-05-2016, por Folhapress

Ricos e pobres disputam cubículos em Nova York
A uma plateia que pagou mil dólares por cabeça para um baile republicano, Donald Trump falava sobre o prédio que abriga o evento, o primeiro que reformou em Manhattan, na cidade de Nova York (EUA), no ano de 1980: o hotel Grand Hyatt. Do lado de fora, a aposentada Elizabeth Cooper, 68 anos, aplaudiu um protesto contra o pré-candidato à Casa Branca, no qual o rosto de Trump aparece em cartazes em formato de fezes com a frase: “Está tudo uma merda mesmo”. Ela conta que sua filha de 34 anos não sai de casa porque “os aluguéis estão ridiculamente caros”.
As duas racham 3,8 mil dólares (mais de 13 mil reais) por um estúdio a seis quadras da Trump Tower, onde o empresário mora em uma cobertura tríplex decorada em ouro e mármore. Uma canga divide o espaço entre mãe e filha, garantindo “alguma privacidade”. O drama não é só de Elizabeth. No último trimestre de 2015, o setor imobiliário em Manhattan estourou a champanhe. O preço médio de um apartamento na ilha beirou 2 milhões de dólares (7 milhões reais). E o drama não é só de Manhattan. “Boa parte do Brooklyn ficou ainda mais cara na última década. Bairros como Brooklyn Heights sofrem ‘hipergentrificação’, com bilionários expulsando os milionários”, diz Kennedy Gould, diretor do Programa de Sustentabilidade Urbana. (Continua)