terça-feira, 16 de junho de 2015

Justiça da Califórnia legitima regulação da incorporação imobiliária

Deu no Los Angeles Times
Por  Maura Dolan 15-06-2015

Developers can be required to include affordable housing, California high court rules
Citing an affordable housing crisis of “epic proportions,” the California Supreme Court made it easier Monday for cities and counties to require developers to sell some housing at below-market rates.
The unanimous decision, written by Chief Justice Tani Cantil-Sakauye, follows study after study documenting a lack of affordable housing in the state, especially in California’s coastal regions. 
“It will come as no surprise to anyone familiar with California‘s current housing market that the significant problems arising from a scarcity of affordable housing have not been solved over the past three decades,” the chief justice wrote.

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Efeito das leis municipais californianas que exigem 15% de habitação social (preços acessíveis) nos novos empreendimentos imobiliários. Trata-se de uma forma de subsídio compulsório direto do incorporador e do proprietário do terreno à habitação social. A redução do Valor (ou Produto) Geral de Vendas do empreendimento implica, depois de deduzidos os custos proporcionais de construção e de capital (estes aqui representados pela Taxa Mínima de Atratividade), na redução do valor residual do terreno (renda total) e, consequentemente, (1) do seu valor provável de transação (renda do proprietário) e (2) do lucro imobiliário (renda do  incorporador).
Fonte: abeiradourbanismo.blogspot.com.br
elaborado pelo blogueiro

“Rather, these problems have become more severe and have reached what might be described as epic proportions in many of the state‘s localities.”
(..) The decision clears the way for Los Angeles and other cities to require developers to sell a percentage of the units they build at below-market rates as a condition of a building permit. Developers also could be given the option of paying into a fund for low-cost housing.
(..) The ruling came in a challenge to an affordable housing ordinance passed by San Jose five years ago. 
The state building industry, backed by real estate groups, sued the city, blocking it from enforcing the law. Developers contended it was unconstitutional “taking” of private property. 
The law required developers building 20 or more housing units to offer 15% of them at below-market rates or pay into a city fund.
Nearly 200 other cities and counties in the state have similar ordinances. 
Monday’s ruling said municipalities have “broad discretion to regulate the use of real property to serve the legitimate interests of the general public.” (Continua) (Destaques do blog)

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