08-07-2019, por Oliver Wainwright
'The next era of human progress': what lies behind the global new cities epidemic?
(..) The escapist urge to build cities from scratch is nothing new. At the turn of the 19th century, the Garden City Movement saw a generation of bucolic communities planned in reaction to the grime and overcrowding of rapidly industrialising cities, driven by a powerful campaign for social reform. Half a century later, the New Town movement developed these ideas, promising a brave new world of modern, self-sufficient municipalities rising from the ruins of the second world war, and focused on building an inclusive, democratic society.
Fonte: à beira do urbanismo set 2014
Now, in the first decades of a new millennium, a surge in global population growth and a sense of impending environmental armageddon have spurred an epidemic of planned cities of a very different kind. This time they are being conceived by private multinational corporations as gilt-edged gated communities and tax-exempt free-trade hubs, each branded as the ultimate techno-eco-utopia. (Continua)